1. Exposure of the digestive system to anthrax usually by consuming meat products that contain anthrax. Communicable diseases constitute a considerable proportion of the global burden of morbidity and mortality, accounting in 2002 for 23.5% of the global burden of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and 19.1% of global deaths. Communicable Diseases : Causes Prevention & Types with Examples of Communicable diseases - YouTube. 4 Explain the principles of surveillance, the characteristics of different surveillance systems, their strengths and weaknesses and application to disease control. Human prion diseases affect approximately 1–2 persons per million worldwide annually, occurring in sporadic, inherited, and acquired forms. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. complex etiology, multiple risk factors, long latency period, non-contagious origin, prolonged course of illness, functional impairment or disability, incurability. Abstracts of the workshop, Interrogating Change: Central Asia between Timeles... Tài liệu vận hành phần mềm nhân sự ONLINE (chương 8), No public clipboards found for this slide, Geetanjali university (Geetajali Institute Of Pharmacy). They are among the major causes of illnesses in Kenya and the entire Africa. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Class: BS-IV Infectious agents are present all around us, and they come in different shapes and sizes. Transmission is the key to the epidemiology of communicable diseases. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT. Shareable Link. • Prion diseases are usually rapidly progressive and always fatal. Learn more. Noncommunicable Disease (NCD): Definition • Chronic conditions that do not result from an (acute) infectious process and hence are “not communicable.” • A disease that has a prolonged course, that does not resolve spontaneously, and for which a complete cure is rarely achieved. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Transmission There are many ways in which the elements that cause communicable diseases are passed on from individual to individual and some include coming into contact with contaminated food, water, bodily … 4. Choose epidemiological methods to investigate and manage outbreaks. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning spotted, or varus, meaning "pimple". Roll no:329 They can be as dangerous as cancer, diabetes, tuberculosis, pneumonia and mental retardation, whereas, on the other hand, they can be as simple as mild fever and stomach ache. Epidemiologists focus on the epidemiologic characteristics of a disease and classify diseases ac-cording to either the means of transmission or the reservoir of the organism. Ask a Study Question. Demographic pattern of incidence of breast carcinoma by subtype - A comparati... No public clipboards found for this slide. Once the means of transmission is known, it leads to the best method of control, so it is preferable to use this as the method of classification. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are illnesses usually of chronic nature, with slow progression, lengthy course and generally non-transmittable from one person to another [].They are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide currently, with projections of even more burden by 2030 [].According to World Health Organization (WHO) recent estimates, NCDs kill approximately 38 … 52 simplified concepts and postulates. Certain ones do CAUSE infectious Diseases that can spread directly or indirectly. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by microorganisms . Diabetes limits the body’s ability to process glucose normally. The multi-factorial nature of the risk factors for NCDs. Communicable diseases may be classified according to the causative agent, the clinical illness caused, or the means of transmission. Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. As their name suggests, common colds are extremely common. Emerging Diseases Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 1 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 2 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 3 of 3 Clinical Characteristics of SARS High fever Headache Diarrhea (10-20%) Pneumonia Case fatality 774/8098 (10%) Treatment – supportive care Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Emerged in 2003 – … ... For each approved PPT you will get 25 Credit Points and 25 Activity Score which will increase your profile visibility. Communicable Disease Profile for Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries WHO Communicable Disease WG on Emergencies/October 2001 3 Food or Water-borne Diseases 1. Diabetes. Signs of an infectious disease are characteristics of a disease that can be observed by examining a patient. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Symptoms, on the other hand, can be felt only by the patient. 1 Globalization not only poses threats to communicable disease control but also provides opportunities. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Guvera Vasireddy Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. for undergraduates. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Osmania Medical College. 70% (40 million) of global deaths in 2015 were due to non-communicable diseases. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. You can change your ad preferences anytime. These diseases affect people of all ages but more so children due to their exposure t… Please give constructive feedback :D degenerative non-communicable diseases . Lifestyle diseases are ailments that are primarily based on the day to day habits of people. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Communicable diseases can occur from time to time, have regular presence in a population or a geographic area, be present in lots of people at once, or be spread globally. The only infectious disease to be considered eradicated. They include things such as fever, coughing, rash, vomiting, and diarrhea. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Symptoms:Intense stomach pain, bowel obstruction, dehydration, diarrhea, fever; blood poisoning, death (rare in humans). Infectious Diseases If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Microorganisms are small things found everywhere. Humans are the only rewervoir for the virs. An example of a typical microbiologic classification of infectious diseases is shown in Table 2-2. These are known as contagious or communicable diseases Disease Any change in the body, other than injury, that disrupts the normal functions of the body Disease has many causes ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ec98-YzJlN Water washed diseases 7 DIARRHOEAL DISEASES DESCRIPTION Infectious agent Bacteria: such as Salmonellae (commonly S. enteritidis, S. typhimurium) and Escherichia coli. It is characterized by the highest clinical manifestations of the ailment. The common cold, strep throat, gastroenteritis and herpes infections are among the most common communicable diseases. Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Report: 2014 Edition – New Report by Konc... 5 Reasons Why Singapore Is the Leading Business Hub for Company Formation, The physics of polymers concepts for understanding their structures and behavior. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Hemolytic disorders due to inherited abnormalities in red cell cytoskeleton. Infectious Diseases • Prions are abnormal, transmissible agents that are able to induce abnormal folding of normal cellular prion proteins in the brain, leading to brain damage and the characteristics signs and symptoms of the disease. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Most do not cause disease and actually help your body function normally. Communicable diseases are diseases that are as a result of the causative organism spreading from one person to another or from animals to people. cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease, chronic neurologic disorders, arthritis, musculoskeletal disorders. Submitted to: Dr. Asma Latif Results in death in 25% to 60% of cases. Some of the more common symptoms are detailed below. Department of Zoology. Human prion diseases are a group of transmissible, progressive, and invariably fatal neurodegenerative disorders, which include Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia. Learn more. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT Discuss the major methods for transmission of communicable disease. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Common Cold. These infectious diseases can be transmitted by animals, humans, insects or other agents. Learn more. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Compared to communicable disease, non-communicable diseases are difficult to identifying the specific cause-effect relationship. AQA Combined Science Trilogy unit ‘Infection and Response’ Full lesson ready to use straight ‘out of the box’ Similar structure to my other power points following the input - activity - review phasing Plenary section for progress checking Clear learning objectives and outcomes Modern and engaging layout Little adaptation needed. • Pathogen – an infectious agent that causes disease. The term "smallpox" was first used in Europe in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the great pox (syphilis). Because microorganisms can affect every system, a thorough review of every body system is indicated. Definition A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person through a variety of ways. Infectious Disease 40-1 What is Disease? McKenna, et al, 1998 . Upload Now. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Image of rhinovirus, Reducing the Spread of Infectious Diseases, 1. The multiplicity of the risk factors associated with specific disease … The most typical features of the infectious disease height are fever, functional and organic disturbances in the affected system or organ (respiratory failure, digestive and urinary tract malfunctions, or CNS disorders). Epidemic of 1918 killed 20-100 million people worldwide. 1. Based on these criteria, all communicable diseases can be classified into 11 groups as follows: Chapter. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Department of Pathology Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Severe and often fatal form of anthrax. focused on the characteristics of the causative organism. Type 1 diabetes which is … Transmission may also occur indirectly by touching a surface covered with germs. • Infectious disease – disease caused by an infectious agent such as a bacterium, virus, protozoan, or fungus that can be passed on to others. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Smallpox is an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Infectious diseases 2. Communicable Diseases – Introduction HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS AND REVIEW OF SYSTEMS When a communicable disease is suspected, a thorough history is essential. The number of annual deaths has increased from roughly 48 million in 1990 to almost 56 million in 2015. Habits that detract people from activity and push them towards a sedentary routine can cause a number of health issues that can lead to chronic non-communicable diseases … Infections and infectious diseases: A manual for nurses and midwives in the WHO European region has been written with the aim of developing the knowledge, skills and attitudes of nurses and midwives regarding infections and infectious diseases and their prevention and control. Infectious diseases are the diseases caused by various pathogenic microorganisms such as virus, bacteria, protozoan, fungi, and other parasites. Non-Communicable Diseases as the name suggests are not transmitted from person to person but is a result of combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. They are also known as chronic diseases as they remain for longer period of time. Title: The Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases Author: Thomas J. Songer Description: Epidemiology 2170, lecture 2 Last modified by: Sa Created Date – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 69d945-ZjhkZ Name at least four characteristics of NCDs. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Semester:8th • Infection – occurs when an infectious agent enters the body and begins to reproduce; may or may not lead to disease. Our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details store your clips occurring in sporadic, inherited, and forms... Symptoms: Intense stomach pain, bowel obstruction, dehydration, diarrhea, fever ; blood poisoning, (... 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